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Mi occorre un aiuto urgente per favore!

Postdi LupoSol » 30/09/03 11:16

Buongiorno amici del forum.

Premetto che sono un vero novizio di Linux.

Ho richiesto un server dedicato ad un provider Internet per il mio business e mi ritrovo ora con grossi sospetti che questo server sia in realtà un server virtuale dedicato, non un vero server dedicato distinto e assolutamente indipendente e non condiviso.

Infatti, quando genero un sito Internet dal pannello di controllo la sua directory home visibile da FTP è:

/home/virtual/site1/fst/home/username

Come posso sapere con assoluta certezza se è un server virtuale e non dedicato?

So che ci sono cose che non posso essere fatte su un server virtuale rispetto ad un server dedicato, avendo quindi accesso SSH di root ci sono dei comandi che posso inserire per averne conferma?

Grazie a chi mi vorrà rispondere.

LS
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Postdi tba.free » 30/09/03 11:39

Se hai accesso con root alla macchina, prova ad andare sotto il file di configurazione del webserver, (ad esempio /etc/httpd) ed edita il file httpd.conf, fai una ricerca per "Virtual" e vedi se becchi il tuo indirizzo".
tba.free
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Postdi LupoSol » 30/09/03 12:20

Grazie della risposta...

Ecco il contenuto del file httpd.conf. Sono giusti i miei sospetti che si tratti di un server virtuale e non di un server dedicato?

Grazie ancora e scusate la lunghezza del post!


#
# Based upon the NCSA server configuration files originally by Rob McCool.
#
# This is the main Apache server configuration file. It contains the
# configuration directives that give the server its instructions.
# See <URL:http://www.apache.org/docs/> for detailed information about
# the directives.
#
# Do NOT simply read the instructions in here without understanding
# what they do. They're here only as hints or reminders. If you are unsure
# consult the online docs. You have been warned.
#
# After this file is processed, the server will look for and process
# /etc/httpd/conf/srm.conf and then /etc/httpd/conf/access.conf
# unless you have overridden these with ResourceConfig and/or
# AccessConfig directives here.
#
# The configuration directives are grouped into three basic sections:
# 1. Directives that control the operation of the Apache server process as a
# whole (the 'global environment').
# 2. Directives that define the parameters of the 'main' or 'default' server,
# which responds to requests that aren't handled by a virtual host.
# These directives also provide default values for the settings
# of all virtual hosts.
# 3. Settings for virtual hosts, which allow Web requests to be sent to
# different IP addresses or hostnames and have them handled by the
# same Apache server process.
#
# Configuration and logfile names: If the filenames you specify for many
# of the server's control files begin with "/" (or "drive:/" for Win32), the
# server will use that explicit path. If the filenames do *not* begin
# with "/", the value of ServerRoot is prepended -- so "logs/foo.log"
# with ServerRoot set to "/usr/local/apache" will be interpreted by the
# server as "/usr/local/apache/logs/foo.log".
#

### Section 1: Global Environment
#
# The directives in this section affect the overall operation of Apache,
# such as the number of concurrent requests it can handle or where it
# can find its configuration files.
#

#
# ServerType is either inetd, or standalone. Inetd mode is only supported on
# Unix platforms.
#
ServerType standalone

#
# ServerRoot: The top of the directory tree under which the server's
# configuration, error, and log files are kept.
#
# NOTE! If you intend to place this on an NFS (or otherwise network)
# mounted filesystem then please read the LockFile documentation
# (available at <URL:http://www.apache.org/docs/mod/core.html#lockfile>);
# you will save yourself a lot of trouble.
#
# Do NOT add a slash at the end of the directory path.
#
ServerRoot /etc/httpd

#
# The LockFile directive sets the path to the lockfile used when Apache
# is compiled with either USE_FCNTL_SERIALIZED_ACCEPT or
# USE_FLOCK_SERIALIZED_ACCEPT. This directive should normally be left at
# its default value. The main reason for changing it is if the logs
# directory is NFS mounted, since the lockfile MUST BE STORED ON A LOCAL
# DISK. The PID of the main server process is automatically appended to
# the filename.
#
#LockFile /var/lock/httpsd.lock

#
# PidFile: The file in which the server should record its process
# identification number when it starts.
#
PidFile /var/run/httpd.pid

#
# ScoreBoardFile: File used to store internal server process information.
# Not all architectures require this. But if yours does (you'll know because
# this file will be created when you run Apache) then you *must* ensure that
# no two invocations of Apache share the same scoreboard file.
#
ScoreBoardFile /var/run/httpd.scoreboard

#
# In the standard configuration, the server will process this file,
# srm.conf, and access.conf in that order. The latter two files are
# now distributed empty, as it is recommended that all directives
# be kept in a single file for simplicity. The commented-out values
# below are the built-in defaults. You can have the server ignore
# these files altogether by using "/dev/null" (for Unix) or
# "nul" (for Win32) for the arguments to the directives.
#
#ResourceConfig conf/srm.conf
#AccessConfig conf/access.conf

#
# Timeout: The number of seconds before receives and sends time out.
#
Timeout 300

#
# KeepAlive: Whether or not to allow persistent connections (more than
# one request per connection). Set to "Off" to deactivate.
#
KeepAlive On

#
# MaxKeepAliveRequests: The maximum number of requests to allow
# during a persistent connection. Set to 0 to allow an unlimited amount.
# We recommend you leave this number high, for maximum performance.
#
MaxKeepAliveRequests 100

#
# KeepAliveTimeout: Number of seconds to wait for the next request from the
# same client on the same connection.
#
KeepAliveTimeout 15

#
# Server-pool size regulation. Rather than making you guess how many
# server processes you need, Apache dynamically adapts to the load it
# sees --- that is, it tries to maintain enough server processes to
# handle the current load, plus a few spare servers to handle transient
# load spikes (e.g., multiple simultaneous requests from a single
# Netscape browser).
#
# It does this by periodically checking how many servers are waiting
# for a request. If there are fewer than MinSpareServers, it creates
# a new spare. If there are more than MaxSpareServers, some of the
# spares die off. The default values are probably OK for most sites.
#
MinSpareServers 5
MaxSpareServers 10

#
# Number of servers to start initially --- should be a reasonable ballpark
# figure.
#
StartServers 5

#
# Limit on total number of servers running, i.e., limit on the number
# of clients who can simultaneously connect --- if this limit is ever
# reached, clients will be LOCKED OUT, so it should NOT BE SET TOO LOW.
# It is intended mainly as a brake to keep a runaway server from taking
# the system with it as it spirals down...
#
MaxClients 150

#
# MaxRequestsPerChild: the number of requests each child process is
# allowed to process before the child dies. The child will exit so
# as to avoid problems after prolonged use when Apache (and maybe the
# libraries it uses) leak memory or other resources. On most systems, this
# isn't really needed, but a few (such as Solaris) do have notable leaks
# in the libraries.
#
#MaxRequestsPerChild 30

#
# Listen: Allows you to bind Apache to specific IP addresses and/or
# ports, in addition to the default. See also the <VirtualHost>
# directive.
#
#Listen 3000
#Listen 12.34.56.78:80

#
# BindAddress: You can support virtual hosts with this option. This directive
# is used to tell the server which IP address to listen to. It can either
# contain "*", an IP address, or a fully qualified Internet domain name.
# See also the <VirtualHost> and Listen directives.
#
#BindAddress *

#
# Dynamic Shared Object (DSO) Support
#
# To be able to use the functionality of a module which was built as a DSO you
# have to place corresponding `LoadModule' lines at this location so the
# directives contained in it are actually available _before_ they are used.
# Please read the file README.DSO in the Apache 1.3 distribution for more
# details about the DSO mechanism and run `httpd -l' for the list of already
# built-in (statically linked and thus always available) modules in your httpd
# binary.
#
# Note: The order is which modules are loaded is important. Don't change
# the order below without expert advice.
#
# Example:
# LoadModule foo_module modules/mod_foo.so

#LoadModule mmap_static_module modules/mod_mmap_static.so
LoadModule env_module modules/mod_env.so
#LoadModule define_module modules/mod_define.so
LoadModule config_log_module modules/mod_log_config.so
LoadModule agent_log_module modules/mod_log_agent.so
LoadModule referer_log_module modules/mod_log_referer.so
#LoadModule mime_magic_module modules/mod_mime_magic.so
LoadModule mime_module modules/mod_mime.so
LoadModule negotiation_module modules/mod_negotiation.so
LoadModule status_module modules/mod_status.so
LoadModule info_module modules/mod_info.so
LoadModule includes_module modules/mod_include.so
LoadModule autoindex_module modules/mod_autoindex.so
LoadModule dir_module modules/mod_dir.so
LoadModule cgi_module modules/mod_cgi.so
LoadModule asis_module modules/mod_asis.so
LoadModule imap_module modules/mod_imap.so
LoadModule action_module modules/mod_actions.so
#LoadModule speling_module modules/mod_speling.so
LoadModule userdir_module modules/mod_userdir.so
LoadModule proxy_module modules/libproxy.so
LoadModule alias_module modules/mod_alias.so
LoadModule rewrite_module modules/mod_rewrite.so
LoadModule access_module modules/mod_access.so
LoadModule auth_module modules/mod_auth.so
LoadModule anon_auth_module modules/mod_auth_anon.so
LoadModule db_auth_module modules/mod_auth_db.so
LoadModule digest_module modules/mod_digest.so
#LoadModule cern_meta_module modules/mod_cern_meta.so
LoadModule expires_module modules/mod_expires.so
LoadModule headers_module modules/mod_headers.so
LoadModule usertrack_module modules/mod_usertrack.so
#LoadModule example_module modules/mod_example.so
#LoadModule unique_id_module modules/mod_unique_id.so
LoadModule setenvif_module modules/mod_setenvif.so
<IfDefine SSL>
LoadModule ssl_module modules/libssl.so
</IfDefine>
#LoadModule sxnet_module modules/mod_sxnet.so
#LoadModule bandwidth_module modules/mod_bandwidth.so
<IfDefine vwh_frontpage_module>
LoadModule frontpage_module modules/mod_frontpage.so
</IfDefine>

# Additional modules, not included by default
#LoadModule php_module modules/mod_php.so
#LoadModule php3_module modules/libphp3.so
<IfDefine vwh_php4_module>
LoadModule php4_module modules/libphp4.so
</IfDefine>
<IfDefine vwh_perl_module>
LoadModule perl_module modules/libperl.so
</IfDefine>
#LoadModule jserv_module modules/mod_jserv.so
#LoadModule dav_module modules/libdav.so
#LoadModule roaming_module modules/mod_roaming.so

# bandwidth module...

<IfDefine vwh_httpdmon_module>
LoadModule httpdmon_module /usr/lib/apache/httpdmon.so
</IfDefine>

# defines module...

<IfDefine vwh_httpd_defines_module>
LoadModule httpd_defines_module /usr/lib/apache/httpd_defines.so
</IfDefine>

<IfDefine vwh_mod_jk_module>
LoadModule jk_module /usr/lib/apache/mod_jk.so
</IfDefine>

# Reconstruction of the complete module list from all available modules
# (static and shared ones) to achieve correct module execution order.
# [WHENEVER YOU CHANGE THE LOADMODULE SECTION ABOVE UPDATE THIS, TOO]
ClearModuleList
#AddModule mod_mmap_static.c
AddModule mod_env.c
#AddModule mod_define.c
AddModule mod_log_config.c
AddModule mod_log_agent.c
AddModule mod_log_referer.c
#AddModule mod_mime_magic.c
AddModule mod_mime.c
AddModule mod_negotiation.c
AddModule mod_status.c
AddModule mod_info.c
AddModule mod_include.c
AddModule mod_autoindex.c
AddModule mod_dir.c
AddModule mod_cgi.c
AddModule mod_asis.c
AddModule mod_imap.c
AddModule mod_actions.c
#AddModule mod_speling.c
AddModule mod_userdir.c
AddModule mod_proxy.c
AddModule mod_alias.c
AddModule mod_rewrite.c
AddModule mod_access.c
AddModule mod_auth.c
AddModule mod_auth_anon.c
AddModule mod_auth_db.c
AddModule mod_digest.c
#AddModule mod_cern_meta.c
AddModule mod_expires.c
AddModule mod_headers.c
AddModule mod_usertrack.c
#AddModule mod_example.c
#AddModule mod_unique_id.c
AddModule mod_so.c
AddModule mod_setenvif.c

<IfDefine SSL>
AddModule mod_ssl.c
</IfDefine>
#AddModule mod_sxnet.c
#AddModule mod_bandwidth.c
<IfDefine vwh_frontpage_module>
AddModule mod_frontpage.c
</IfDefine>

# Additional Modules, not included by default
#AddModule mod_php.c
#AddModule mod_php3.c
<IfDefine vwh_php4_module>
AddModule mod_php4.c
</IfDefine>
<IfDefine vwh_perl_module>
AddModule mod_perl.c
</IfDefine>

#AddModule mod_jserv.c
#AddModule mod_dav.c
#AddModule mod_roaming.c

<IfDefine vwh_httpdmon_module>
AddModule httpdmon.c
</IfDefine>

<IfDefine vwh_httpd_defines_module>
AddModule httpd_defines.c
</IfDefine>

<IfDefine vwh_mod_jk_module>
AddModule mod_jk.c
</IfDefine>

#
# ExtendedStatus controls whether Apache will generate "full" status
# information (ExtendedStatus On) or just basic information (ExtendedStatus
# Off) when the "server-status" handler is called. The default is Off,
# for performance reasons.
#
#ExtendedStatus On

### Section 2: 'Main' server configuration
#
# The directives in this section set up the values used by the 'main'
# server, which responds to any requests that aren't handled by a
# <VirtualHost> definition. These values also provide defaults for
# any <VirtualHost> containers you may define later in the file.
#
# All of these directives may appear inside <VirtualHost> containers,
# in which case these default settings will be overridden for the
# virtual host being defined.
#

#
# If your ServerType directive (set earlier in the 'Global Environment'
# section) is set to "inetd", the next few directives don't have any
# effect since their settings are defined by the inetd configuration.
# Skip ahead to the ServerAdmin directive.
#

#
# Port: The port to which the standalone server listens. For
# ports < 1023, you will need httpd to be run as root initially.
#
Port 80

##
## SSL Support
##
## When we also provide SSL we have to listen to the
## standard HTTP port (see above) and to the HTTPS port
##
<IfDefine SSL>
Listen 80
Listen 443
</IfDefine>

#
# If you wish httpd to run as a different user or group, you must run
# httpd as root initially and it will switch.
#
# User/Group: The name (or #number) of the user/group to run httpd as.
# . On SCO (ODT 3) use "User nouser" and "Group nogroup".
# . On HPUX you may not be able to use shared memory as nobody, and the
# suggested workaround is to create a user www and use that user.
# NOTE that some kernels refuse to setgid(Group) or semctl(IPC_SET)
# when the value of (unsigned)Group is above 60000;
# don't use Group #-1 on these systems!
#
User apache
Group apache

#
# ServerAdmin: Your address, where problems with the server should be
# e-mailed. This address appears on some server-generated pages, such
# as error documents.
#
ServerAdmin root@SP0125.serverpronto.com

#
# ServerName allows you to set a host name which is sent back to clients for
# your server if it's different than the one the program would get (i.e., use
# "www" instead of the host's real name).
#
# Note: You cannot just invent host names and hope they work. The name you
# define here must be a valid DNS name for your host. If you don't understand
# this, ask your network administrator.
# If your host doesn't have a registered DNS name, enter its IP address here.
# You will have to access it by its address (e.g., http://123.45.67.89/)
# anyway, and this will make redirections work in a sensible way.
#
ServerName SP0125.serverpronto.com

#
# DocumentRoot: The directory out of which you will serve your
# documents. By default, all requests are taken from this directory, but
# symbolic links and aliases may be used to point to other locations.
#
DocumentRoot /var/www/html

#
# Each directory to which Apache has access, can be configured with respect
# to which services and features are allowed and/or disabled in that
# directory (and its subdirectories).
#
# First, we configure the "default" to be a very restrictive set of
# permissions.
#
<Directory />
Options None
AllowOverride None
</Directory>

#
# Note that from this point forward you must specifically allow
# particular features to be enabled - so if something's not working as
# you might expect, make sure that you have specifically enabled it
# below.
#

#
# This should be changed to whatever you set DocumentRoot to.
#
<Directory /var/www/html>

#
# This may also be "None", "All", or any combination of "Indexes",
# "Includes", "FollowSymLinks", "ExecCGI", or "MultiViews".
#
# Note that "MultiViews" must be named *explicitly* --- "Options All"
# doesn't give it to you.
#
Options FollowSymLinks Includes

#
# This controls which options the .htaccess files in directories can
# override. Can also be "All", or any combination of "Options", "FileInfo",
# "AuthConfig", and "Limit"
#
AllowOverride All

#
# Controls who can get stuff from this server.
#
Order allow,deny
Allow from all
</Directory>

#
# UserDir: The name of the directory which is appended onto a user's home
# directory if a ~user request is received.
#
UserDir public_html

#
# Control access to UserDir directories. The following is an example
# for a site where these directories are restricted to read-only.
#
#<Directory /*/public_html>
# AllowOverride FileInfo AuthConfig Limit
# Options MultiViews Indexes SymLinksIfOwnerMatch IncludesNoExec
# <Limit GET POST OPTIONS PROPFIND>
# Order allow,deny
# Allow from all
# </Limit>
# <Limit PUT DELETE PATCH PROPPATCH MKCOL COPY MOVE LOCK UNLOCK>
# Order deny,allow
# Deny from all
# </Limit>
#</Directory>

#
# DirectoryIndex: Name of the file or files to use as a pre-written HTML
# directory index. Separate multiple entries with spaces.
#
DirectoryIndex index.html index.htm index.shtml index.cgi index.php index.php3 index.php4 index.pl index.jsp

#
# AccessFileName: The name of the file to look for in each directory
# for access control information.
#
AccessFileName .htaccess

#
# The following lines prevent .htaccess files from being viewed by
# Web clients. Since .htaccess files often contain authorization
# information, access is disallowed for security reasons. Comment
# these lines out if you want Web visitors to see the contents of
# .htaccess files. If you change the AccessFileName directive above,
# be sure to make the corresponding changes here.
#
<Files .htaccess>
Order allow,deny
Deny from all
</Files>

#
# CacheNegotiatedDocs: By default, Apache sends "Pragma: no-cache" with each
# document that was negotiated on the basis of content. This asks proxy
# servers not to cache the document. Uncommenting the following line disables
# this behavior, and proxies will be allowed to cache the documents.
#
#CacheNegotiatedDocs

#
# UseCanonicalName: (new for 1.3) With this setting turned on, whenever
# Apache needs to construct a self-referencing URL (a URL that refers back
# to the server the response is coming from) it will use ServerName and
# Port to form a "canonical" name. With this setting off, Apache will
# use the hostname:port that the client supplied, when possible. This
# also affects SERVER_NAME and SERVER_PORT in CGI scripts.
#
UseCanonicalName On

#
# TypesConfig describes where the mime.types file (or equivalent) is
# to be found.
#
TypesConfig /etc/mime.types

#
# DefaultType is the default MIME type the server will use for a document
# if it cannot otherwise determine one, such as from filename extensions.
# If your server contains mostly text or HTML documents, "text/plain" is
# a good value. If most of your content is binary, such as applications
# or images, you may want to use "application/octet-stream" instead to
# keep browsers from trying to display binary files as though they are
# text.
#
DefaultType text/plain

#
# The mod_mime_magic module allows the server to use various hints from the
# contents of the file itself to determine its type. The MIMEMagicFile
# directive tells the module where the hint definitions are located.
# mod_mime_magic is not part of the default server (you have to add
# it yourself with a LoadModule [see the DSO paragraph in the 'Global
# Environment' section], or recompile the server and include mod_mime_magic
# as part of the configuration), so it's enclosed in an <IfModule> container.
# This means that the MIMEMagicFile directive will only be processed if the
# module is part of the server.
#
<IfModule mod_mime_magic.c>
MIMEMagicFile conf/magic
</IfModule>

#
# HostnameLookups: Log the names of clients or just their IP addresses
# e.g., http://www.apache.org (on) or 204.62.129.132 (off).
# The default is off because it'd be overall better for the net if people
# had to knowingly turn this feature on, since enabling it means that
# each client request will result in AT LEAST one lookup request to the
# nameserver.
#
HostnameLookups Off

#
# ErrorLog: The location of the error log file.
# If you do not specify an ErrorLog directive within a <VirtualHost>
# container, error messages relating to that virtual host will be
# logged here. If you *do* define an error logfile for a <VirtualHost>
# container, that host's errors will be logged there and not here.
#
ErrorLog logs/error_log

#
# LogLevel: Control the number of messages logged to the error_log.
# Possible values include: debug, info, notice, warn, error, crit,
# alert, emerg.
#
LogLevel warn

#
# The following directives define some format nicknames for use with
# a CustomLog directive (see below).
#
LogFormat "%h %l %u %t \"%r\" %>s %b \"%{Referer}i\" \"%{User-Agent}i\"" combined
LogFormat "%h %l %u %t \"%r\" %>s %b" common
LogFormat "%{Referer}i -> %U" referer
LogFormat "%{User-agent}i" agent

#
# The location and format of the access logfile (Common Logfile Format).
# If you do not define any access logfiles within a <VirtualHost>
# container, they will be logged here. Contrariwise, if you *do*
# define per-<VirtualHost> access logfiles, transactions will be
# logged therein and *not* in this file.
#
CustomLog logs/access_log common

#
# If you would like to have agent and referer logfiles, uncomment the
# following directives.
#
#CustomLog logs/referer_log referer
#CustomLog logs/agent_log agent

#
# If you prefer a single logfile with access, agent, and referer information
# (Combined Logfile Format) you can use the following directive.
#
#CustomLog logs/access_log combined

#
# Optionally add a line containing the server version and virtual host
# name to server-generated pages (error documents, FTP directory listings,
# mod_status and mod_info output etc., but not CGI generated documents).
# Set to "EMail" to also include a mailto: link to the ServerAdmin.
# Set to one of: On | Off | EMail
#
ServerSignature On

#
# Aliases: Add here as many aliases as you need (with no limit). The format is
# Alias fakename realname
#
# Note that if you include a trailing / on fakename then the server will
# require it to be present in the URL. So "/icons" isn't aliased in this
# example, only "/icons/"..
#
Alias /icons/ /var/www/icons/

<Directory /var/www/icons>
Options MultiViews
AllowOverride None
Order allow,deny
Allow from all
</Directory>

#
# ScriptAlias: This controls which directories contain server scripts.
# ScriptAliases are essentially the same as Aliases, except that
# documents in the realname directory are treated as applications and
# run by the server when requested rather than as documents sent to the client.
# The same rules about trailing "/" apply to ScriptAlias directives as to
# Alias.
#
ScriptAlias /cgi-bin/ /var/www/cgi-bin/

#
# /var/www/cgi-bin should be changed to whatever your ScriptAliased
# CGI directory exists, if you have that configured.
#
<Directory /var/www/cgi-bin>
AllowOverride None
Options ExecCGI FollowSymLinks
Order allow,deny
Allow from all
</Directory>

#
# Redirect allows you to tell clients about documents which used to exist in
# your server's namespace, but do not anymore. This allows you to tell the
# clients where to look for the relocated document.
# Format: Redirect old-URI new-URL
#

#
# Directives controlling the display of server-generated directory listings.
#

#
# FancyIndexing is whether you want fancy directory indexing or standard
#
IndexOptions FancyIndexing

#
# AddIcon* directives tell the server which icon to show for different
# files or filename extensions. These are only displayed for
# FancyIndexed directories.
#
AddIconByEncoding (CMP,/icons/compressed.gif) x-compress x-gzip

AddIconByType (TXT,/icons/text.gif) text/*
AddIconByType (IMG,/icons/image2.gif) image/*
AddIconByType (SND,/icons/sound2.gif) audio/*
AddIconByType (VID,/icons/movie.gif) video/*

AddIcon /icons/binary.gif .bin .exe
AddIcon /icons/binhex.gif .hqx
AddIcon /icons/tar.gif .tar
AddIcon /icons/world2.gif .wrl .wrl.gz .vrml .vrm .iv
AddIcon /icons/compressed.gif .Z .z .tgz .gz .zip
AddIcon /icons/a.gif .ps .ai .eps
AddIcon /icons/layout.gif .html .shtml .htm .pdf
AddIcon /icons/text.gif .txt
AddIcon /icons/c.gif .c
AddIcon /icons/p.gif .pl .py
AddIcon /icons/f.gif .for
AddIcon /icons/dvi.gif .dvi
AddIcon /icons/uuencoded.gif .uu
AddIcon /icons/script.gif .conf .sh .shar .csh .ksh .tcl
AddIcon /icons/tex.gif .tex
AddIcon /icons/bomb.gif core

AddIcon /icons/back.gif ..
AddIcon /icons/hand.right.gif README
AddIcon /icons/folder.gif ^^DIRECTORY^^
AddIcon /icons/blank.gif ^^BLANKICON^^

#
# DefaultIcon is which icon to show for files which do not have an icon
# explicitly set.
#
DefaultIcon /icons/unknown.gif

#
# AddDescription allows you to place a short description after a file in
# server-generated indexes. These are only displayed for FancyIndexed
# directories.
# Format: AddDescription "description" filename
#
#AddDescription "GZIP compressed document" .gz
#AddDescription "tar archive" .tar
#AddDescription "GZIP compressed tar archive" .tgz

#
# ReadmeName is the name of the README file the server will look for by
# default, and append to directory listings.
#
# HeaderName is the name of a file which should be prepended to
# directory indexes.
#
# The server will first look for name.html and include it if found.
# If name.html doesn't exist, the server will then look for name.txt
# and include it as plaintext if found.
#
ReadmeName README
HeaderName HEADER

#
# IndexIgnore is a set of filenames which directory indexing should ignore
# and not include in the listing. Shell-style wildcarding is permitted.
#
IndexIgnore .??* *~ *# HEADER* README* RCS CVS *,v *,t

#
# AddEncoding allows you to have certain browsers (Mosaic/X 2.1+) uncompress
# information on the fly. Note: Not all browsers support this.
# Despite the name similarity, the following Add* directives have nothing
# to do with the FancyIndexing customization directives above.
#
AddEncoding x-compress Z
AddEncoding x-gzip gz

#
# AddLanguage allows you to specify the language of a document. You can
# then use content negotiation to give a browser a file in a language
# it can understand. Note that the suffix does not have to be the same
# as the language keyword --- those with documents in Polish (whose
# net-standard language code is pl) may wish to use "AddLanguage pl .po"
# to avoid the ambiguity with the common suffix for perl scripts.
#
AddLanguage en .en
AddLanguage fr .fr
AddLanguage de .de
AddLanguage da .da
AddLanguage el .el
AddLanguage it .it

#
# LanguagePriority allows you to give precedence to some languages
# in case of a tie during content negotiation.
# Just list the languages in decreasing order of preference.
#
LanguagePriority en fr de

#
# AddType allows you to tweak mime.types without actually editing it, or to
# make certain files to be certain types.
#
# If you have the PHP3 module installed and enabled, these types will
# automatically be enabled.
#
<IfModule mod_php3.c>
AddType application/x-httpd-php3 .php3
AddType application/x-httpd-php3-source .phps
</IfModule>
#Setup mime types for mod_php4
<IfModule mod_php4.c>
AddType application/x-httpd-php .php .php4 .php3
</IfModule>
# The following is for PHP/FI (PHP2):
<IfModule mod_php.c>
AddType application/x-httpd-php .phtml
</IfModule>

# The following is for MIVA
AddType application/x-miva .mv
Action application/x-miva /cgi-bin/miva

#
# AddHandler allows you to map certain file extensions to "handlers",
# actions unrelated to filetype. These can be either built into the server
# or added with the Action command (see below)
#
# If you want to use server side includes, or CGI outside
# ScriptAliased directories, uncomment the following lines.
#
# To use CGI scripts:
#
#AddHandler cgi-script .cgi

#
# To use server-parsed HTML files
#
AddType text/html .shtml
AddHandler server-parsed .shtml

#
# Uncomment the following line to enable Apache's send-asis HTTP file
# feature
#
#AddHandler send-as-is asis

#
# If you wish to use server-parsed imagemap files, use
#
AddHandler imap-file map

#
# To enable type maps, you might want to use
#
#AddHandler type-map var

# The following section will be enabled automatically if you have
# mod_perl installed and enabled.
#
<IfModule mod_perl.c>
Alias /perl/ /var/www/perl/
<Location /perl>
SetHandler perl-script
PerlHandler Apache::Registry
PerlSendHeader On
Options +ExecCGI
</Location>
</IfModule>

#
# Action lets you define media types that will execute a script whenever
# a matching file is called. This eliminates the need for repeated URL
# pathnames for oft-used CGI file processors.
# Format: Action media/type /cgi-script/location
# Format: Action handler-name /cgi-script/location
#

#
# MetaDir: specifies the name of the directory in which Apache can find
# meta information files. These files contain additional HTTP headers
# to include when sending the document
#
#MetaDir .web

#
# MetaSuffix: specifies the file name suffix for the file containing the
# meta information.
#
#MetaSuffix .meta

#
# Customizable error response (Apache style)
# these come in three flavors
#
# 1) plain text
#ErrorDocument 500 "The server made a boo boo.
# n.b. the (") marks it as text, it does not get output
#
# 2) local redirects
#ErrorDocument 404 /missing.html
# to redirect to local URL /missing.html
#ErrorDocument 404 /cgi-bin/missing_handler.pl
# N.B.: You can redirect to a script or a document using server-side-includes.
#
# 3) external redirects
#ErrorDocument 402 http://some.other_server.com/subscription_info.html
# N.B.: Many of the environment variables associated with the original
# request will *not* be available to such a script.

#
# The following directives modify normal HTTP response behavior.
# The first directive disables keepalive for Netscape 2.x and browsers that
# spoof it. There are known problems with these browser implementations.
# The second directive is for Microsoft Internet Explorer 4.0b2
# which has a broken HTTP/1.1 implementation and does not properly
# support keepalive when it is used on 301 or 302 (redirect) responses.
#
BrowserMatch "Mozilla/2" nokeepalive
BrowserMatch "MSIE 4\.0b2;" nokeepalive downgrade-1.0 force-response-1.0

#
# The following directive disables HTTP/1.1 responses to browsers which
# are in violation of the HTTP/1.0 spec by not being able to grok a
# basic 1.1 response.
#
BrowserMatch "RealPlayer 4\.0" force-response-1.0
BrowserMatch "Java/1\.0" force-response-1.0
BrowserMatch "JDK/1\.0" force-response-1.0

#
# Allow server status reports, with the URL of http://servername/server-status
# Change the ".your_domain.com" to match your domain to enable.
#
#<Location /server-status>
# SetHandler server-status
# Order deny,allow
# Deny from all
# Allow from .your_domain.com
#</Location>

#
# Allow remote server configuration reports, with the URL of
# http://servername/server-info (requires that mod_info.c be loaded).
# Change the ".your_domain.com" to match your domain to enable.
#
#<Location /server-info>
# SetHandler server-info
# Order deny,allow
# Deny from all
# Allow from .your_domain.com
#</Location>

# Allow access to local system documentation from localhost
Alias /doc /usr/doc
<Directory /usr/doc>
order deny,allow
deny from all
allow from localhost
Options FollowSymLinks
</Directory>

Alias /horde /usr/share/horde
<Directory /usr/share/horde>
DirectoryIndex index.html index.php3 index.htm index.shtml index.cgi
<IfModule mod_php3.c>
php3_magic_quotes_gpc Off
</IfModule>
</Directory>

#
# There have been reports of people trying to abuse an old bug from pre-1.1
# days. This bug involved a CGI script distributed as a part of Apache.
# By uncommenting these lines you can redirect these attacks to a logging
# script on phf.apache.org. Or, you can record them yourself, using the script
# support/phf_abuse_log.cgi.
#
#<Location /cgi-bin/phf*>
# Deny from all
# ErrorDocument 403 http://phf.apache.org/phf_abuse_log.cgi
#</Location>

#
# Proxy Server directives. Uncomment the following lines to
# enable the proxy server:
#
#<IfModule mod_proxy.c>
#ProxyRequests On
#
#<Directory proxy:*>
# Order deny,allow
# Deny from all
# Allow from .your_domain.com
#</Directory>

#
# Enable/disable the handling of HTTP/1.1 "Via:" headers.
# ("Full" adds the server version; "Block" removes all outgoing Via: headers)
# Set to one of: Off | On | Full | Block
#
#ProxyVia On

#
# To enable the cache as well, edit and uncomment the following lines:
# (no cacheing without CacheRoot)
#
#CacheRoot /var/cache/httpd
#CacheSize 5
#CacheGcInterval 4
#CacheMaxExpire 24
#CacheLastModifiedFactor 0.1
#CacheDefaultExpire 1
#NoCache a_domain.com another_domain.edu joes.garage_sale.com

#</IfModule>
# End of proxy directives.

### Section 3: Virtual Hosts
#
# VirtualHost: If you want to maintain multiple domains/hostnames on your
# machine you can setup VirtualHost containers for them.
# Please see the documentation at <URL:http://www.apache.org/docs/vhosts/>
# for further details before you try to setup virtual hosts.
# You may use the command line option '-S' to verify your virtual host
# configuration.

#
# If you want to use name-based virtual hosts you need to define at
# least one IP address (and port number) for them.
#
#NameVirtualHost 12.34.56.78:80
NameVirtualHost 64.251.10.41

#
# VirtualHost example:
# Almost any Apache directive may go into a VirtualHost container.
#
#<VirtualHost ip.address.of.host.some_domain.com>
# ServerAdmin webmaster@host.some_domain.com
# DocumentRoot /www/docs/host.some_domain.com
# ServerName host.some_domain.com
# ErrorLog logs/host.some_domain.com-error_log
# CustomLog logs/host.some_domain.com-access_log common
#</VirtualHost>

#<VirtualHost _default_:*>
#</VirtualHost>

##
## SSL Global Context
##
## All SSL configuration in this context applies both to
## the main server and all SSL-enabled virtual hosts.
##

#
# Some MIME-types for downloading Certificates and CRLs
#
<IfDefine SSL>
AddType application/x-x509-ca-cert .crt
AddType application/x-pkcs7-crl .crl
</IfDefine>

<IfModule mod_ssl.c>

# Pass Phrase Dialog:
# Configure the pass phrase gathering process.
# The filtering dialog program (`builtin' is a internal
# terminal dialog) has to provide the pass phrase on stdout.
SSLPassPhraseDialog builtin

# Inter-Process Session Cache:
# Configure the SSL Session Cache: First either `none'
# or `dbm:/path/to/file' for the mechanism to use and
# second the expiring timeout (in seconds).
SSLSessionCache dbm:/var/cache/ssl_scache
SSLSessionCacheTimeout 300

# Semaphore:
# Configure the path to the mutual explusion semaphore the
# SSL engine uses internally for inter-process synchronization.
SSLMutex file:/var/run/ssl_mutex

# Pseudo Random Number Generator (PRNG):
# Configure one or more sources to seed the PRNG of the
# SSL library. The seed data should be of good random quality.
SSLRandomSeed startup builtin
SSLRandomSeed connect builtin
#SSLRandomSeed startup file:/dev/random 512
#SSLRandomSeed startup file:/dev/urandom 512
#SSLRandomSeed connect file:/dev/random 512
#SSLRandomSeed connect file:/dev/urandom 512

# Logging:
# The home of the dedicated SSL protocol logfile. Errors are
# additionally duplicated in the general error log file. Put
# this somewhere where it cannot be used for symlink attacks on
# a real server (i.e. somewhere where only root can write).
# Log levels are (ascending order: higher ones include lower ones):
# none, error, warn, info, trace, debug.
SSLLog logs/ssl_engine_log
SSLLogLevel warn

</IfModule>

<IfDefine SSL.default>

##
## SSL Virtual Host Context
##

<VirtualHost 64.251.10.41:443>

#DocumentRoot /var/www/html
ServerName SP0125.serverpronto.com
ServerAdmin root@SP0125.serverpronto.com
ErrorLog /var/log/httpd/error_log-ssl
TransferLog /var/log/httpd/access_log-ssl

SSLEngine on

SSLCertificateFile /etc/httpd/conf/ssl.crt/server.crt

SSLCertificateKeyFile /etc/httpd/conf/ssl.key/server.key

SetEnvIf User-Agent ".*MSIE.*" nokeepalive ssl-unclean-shutdown

Include /etc/appliance/apacheconf

</VirtualHost>

</IfDefine>

# Webalizer location
# customize to allow other hosts than just the localhost
# access to the web analysis log files if you wish
<Location /html/usage>
Order deny,allow
Deny from all
Allow from localhost
</Location>

# Apache JServ
<IfModule mod_jserv.c>
Include /etc/httpd/conf/jserv.conf
</IfModule>

# Netscape Roaming
<IfModule mod_roaming.c>
Include /etc/httpd/conf/roaming.conf
</IfModule>

<IfModule mod_jk.c>
JkWorkersFile /etc/httpd/conf/workers.properties
JkLogFile /var/log/httpd/mod_jk.log
JkLogLevel error
</IfModule>

# Apache ASP
# You need not only mod_perl to be installed, but also
# perl-Apache-ASP and related perl modules. When this is
# done, you may uncomment the following and customize the
# ASP configuration file.
#<IfModule mod_perl.c>
# Include /etc/httpd/conf/asp.conf
#</IfModule>

# MailMan
# If you have Mailman, the mailing list manager package
# installed, uncomment these lines to enable mailman functionality.
#ScriptAlias /mailman/ /usr/share/mailman/cgi-bin/
#Alias /pipermail/ /usr/share/mailman/archives/public/

<IfDefine vwh_php4_module>
php_admin_flag safe_mode on
</IfDefine>

<VirtualHost 64.251.10.41:80>
Include /etc/appliance/apacheconf
</VirtualHost>

# Include all the virtual host config files
Include /etc/httpd/conf/virtual


LupoSol
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Post: 10
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Postdi texilee » 30/09/03 14:40

Include /etc/httpd/conf/virtual


questo file potrebbe essere interessante per capirlo...
texilee
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Post: 72
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Postdi texilee » 30/09/03 14:52

però a prima vista nn mi sembra.. nn sono espertissimo... ma avendo accesso root puoi andare a vedere in /var/www/html se ci sono solo i tuoi files oppure qualcosaltro!

perchè di Virtual host nn ne vedo dichiarati in httpd.conf...

ce solo la parte SSL


<VirtualHost xx.xx.xx.xx:443>

#DocumentRoot /var/www/html
ServerName *******.*******rpronto.com
ServerAdmin root@******.******pronto.com
ErrorLog /var/log/httpd/error_log-ssl
TransferLog /var/log/httpd/access_log-ssl


coi relativi log


secondo me hai u nserver dedicato! poi nel dettaglio nn so che problemi ti poteva creare essere un virtual host! :)
texilee
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Post: 72
Iscritto il: 28/09/03 12:19
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Postdi LupoSol » 30/09/03 14:56

Non esiste un file /etc/httpd/conf/virtual, anche se la cartella /etc/httpd/conf/virtual contiene un file chiamato site1 con i parametri dell' unico sito che ho configurato dal pannello di controllo della macchina.

Per ovvi motivi di privacy ti cancello il dominio che ho configurato, ecco il contenuto del file site1 nella cartella /etc/httpd/conf/virtual:

Grazie davvero del tuo aiuto e di chiunque volesse aggiungersi, ho intenzione di inviare a questa ditta una bella lettera di richiesta rimborso danni subiti per avermi pubblicizzato un dedicated e rifilato un virtual.

Qualcuno può confermarmi su questi dati che si tratta di un virtual server e non di un dedicated server?

Grazie


<VirtualHost 64.251.10.41:80>
ServerName http://www.xxxxxxxxx.net
ServerAlias xxxxxxxxx.net
ServerAdmin sales@xxxxxxxxx.net
DocumentRoot /home/virtual/site1/fst/var/www/html
RewriteEngine on
User admin1
Group admin1
Redirect /admin https://64.251.10.41:19638/webhost/serv ... xxxxxx.net
Redirect /user https://64.251.10.41:19638/webhost/serv ... xxxxxx.net
RewriteRule ^/~([^/]+)(.*) /users/$1$2 [PT]
AliasMatch ^/users/([^/]+)/?(.*) /home/virtual/site1/fst/home/$1/public_html/$2
<Directory /home/virtual/site1/fst/var/www/html/>
Allow from all
AllowOverride All
Order allow,deny
</Directory>
<Directory /home/virtual/site1/fst/home/*/public_html/>
Allow from all
AllowOverride All
Order allow,deny
</Directory>
SetEnv SITE_ROOT /home/virtual/site1/fst
SetEnv SITE_HTMLROOT /home/virtual/site1/fst/var/www/html

<IfModule mod_php4.c>
# need to set php on explicitly (PR 24077).
# using php_flag so site can override.
php_flag engine on
</IfModule>
Include /etc/httpd/conf/site1


</VirtualHost>
LupoSol
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Postdi LupoSol » 30/09/03 15:00

texilee ha scritto:

perchè di Virtual host nn ne vedo dichiarati in httpd.conf...

ce solo la parte SSL


<VirtualHost xx.xx.xx.xx:443>

#DocumentRoot /var/www/html
ServerName *******.*******rpronto.com
ServerAdmin root@******.******pronto.com
ErrorLog /var/log/httpd/error_log-ssl
TransferLog /var/log/httpd/access_log-ssl


coi relativi log


secondo me hai u nserver dedicato! poi nel dettaglio nn so che problemi ti poteva creare essere un virtual host! :)


Grazie ancora

Il problema è che mi è stato venduto un dedicato e quello pretendo di avere...

Io credo invece proprio che lo sia un virtuale.... anche loro nei Termini e condizioni in piccolo parlano di server virtuale....

Per favore, qualcuno può darmi una soluzione sicura al 100% affinchè lo si stabilisca con certezza se lo è o non lo è?

Grazie
LupoSol
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Post: 10
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Località: Lupolandia

Postdi texilee » 30/09/03 15:09

mi spiego meglio che forse nn ho capito bene

allora.. tu hai la possibilità di creare n° siti.. cioè ad esempio


http://www.lupo1.net

http://www.luposol.net

http://www.luppo.org


oppure uno solo??


perchè se puoi configurare più siti è ovvio che hai bisogno dei virtual host.. ma ciò significa che il server è comunque tutto tuo.

altrimenti potresti avere bisogno di un server per ogni "sito" che monti..

perchè ovviamente la prima pagina che viene caricata quando ti colleghi al sito è una sola!

se è giusto quello che ho scritto sopra allora hai i lserver dedicato!

ps. EDITA i messaggi e cancella tutta la conf. di apache! (un consiglio!)
texilee
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Post: 72
Iscritto il: 28/09/03 12:19
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Postdi LupoSol » 30/09/03 15:18

Grazie della risposta.

Non posso editare il messaggio, forse un moderatore o un admin potrebbe farlo per me.

Grazie
LupoSol
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Post: 10
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Postdi LupoSol » 30/09/03 15:19

Posso creare più di un sito a proposito!! :)

Garzie ancora!
LupoSol
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Post: 10
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Postdi texilee » 30/09/03 15:19

bhe magari qualche buontempone legge...e poi con uno sniffer ti frega l'account....
texilee
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Post: 72
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Postdi LupoSol » 30/09/03 15:27

Ti ringrazio, ma non vedo l'opzione di poter cancellare o editare quel post!!!

Può farlo solo un moeratore a quanto vedo!!!

Come posso contattarli?

Grazie
LupoSol
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Postdi tba.free » 30/09/03 15:35

Fai un ifconfig -a sul tuo server e controlla se l'IP corrisponde a quello dichiarato qui:

<VirtualHost 64.XXX.10.xx:80>
Include /etc/appliance/apacheconf
</VirtualHost>
tba.free
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Post: 61
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Località: Roma

Postdi LupoSol » 30/09/03 15:44

X tha.free:

Sì corrisponde.

C'è un eth0 col primo IP assegnatomi e un eth1 col secondo.

Delucidami, per favore....

Grazie
LupoSol
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Postdi texilee » 30/09/03 16:18

allora il server è dedicato.

il fatto di usare i virtual host ti permette la creazione di più siti..


ti faccio un paragone

hai un hard disk da 40 Gb e vuoi dividerlo in c:\ e d:\

ci fa 2 partizioni da 20gb.


ora cosa'hai?? 2 unità virtuali.. c: e d:



stessa cosa per i virtual host.. hai la possibilità di inserire n° siti che saranno contenuti ognuno in una dir diversa in modo tale che collegandosi
a

http://www.asdasdasd.net apache va a prendere le informazioni dalla cartella

/var/www/www.asdasdasd.net e aprirà il file

/var/www/www.asdasdasd.net/index.php


mentre per

http://www.5445454.net andrà su

/var/www/www.5445454.net e aprirà un ipotetico index.php . index.html


ti ripeto che il server è tutto tuo (anche perchè altrimenti nn ti davano l'accesso a root rischiando che butti giù siti di altri clienti!)


spero che riesci a capire quello che ho scritto!

ciao
texilee
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Post: 72
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Località: ]TO[

Postdi LupoSol » 30/09/03 16:29

Grazie della risposta.

Ho capito perfettamente quello che hai scritto.

Una cosa però non mi torna: l'accesso "root" non lo rende di per sè un server dedicato, infatto questa società qui:

http://www.easyspace.com/services/easyvservers.html

offre Virtual Dedicated Servers con accesso di root.

Ho l'impressione di essere di nuovo da capo a zero... :(

E se anche questa azienda da cui ho acquistato il server fa la stessa cosa e usa un virtual dedicated server (spacciato per dedicated) con tanto di accesso root?

Grazie
LupoSol
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Postdi texilee » 30/09/03 19:28

forse lanciando

httpd -S (mi sembra)

vedi la lista dei server virtuali che girano sulla macchina.

dovrebbero essere quelli che hai creato tu!

secondo me puoi andare tranquillo..
texilee
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Postdi tba.free » 01/10/03 09:42

E' esatto. Dovrebbe essere completamente dedicato. Per tagliare la testa al "topo", puoi semplicemente provare a disabilitare i virtualhost dal file di configurazione del web server e vedere se così ti risponde, però sembra tutto a posto. 8)
tba.free
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Postdi LupoSol » 02/10/03 01:30

Garzie mille tba.free.

Potresti dirmi come faccio a disabilitare i virtualhost dal file di configurazione del web server?

Grazie
LupoSol
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Postdi tba.free » 02/10/03 08:41

Basta commentare le righe con un semplice # (pound)
come già puoi vedere al suo interno.
Inoltre ti conviene vedere se stabilisce eventuali connessioni con l'esterno
facendo semplicemente

netstat -na | grep ESTABLISHED

e controlli tutti gli indirizzi IP che comunicano con il tuo server. :)
tba.free
Utente Junior
 
Post: 61
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Prossimo

Torna a Software Linux


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